Sporadic Aurora near Geomagnetic Equator: In the Philippines, on 27 October 1856

20 Aug 2018  ·  Hayakawa Hisashi, Vaquero José. M., Ebihara Yusuke ·

While low latitude auroral displays are normally considered to be a manifestation of magnetic storms of considerable size, Silverman (2003, JGR, 108, A4) reported numerous "sporadic auroras" which appear locally at relatively low magnetic latitudes during times of just moderate magnetic activity. Here, a case study is presented of an aurora near the geomagnetic equator based on a report from the Philippine Islands on 27 October 1856. An analysis of this report shows it to be consistent with the known cases of sporadic aurorae except for its considerably low magnetic latitude. The record also suggests that extremely low-latitude aurora is not always accompanied with large magnetic storms. The description of its brief appearance leads to a possible physical explanation based on an ephemeral magnetospheric disturbance provoking this sporadic aurora.

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Space Physics Earth and Planetary Astrophysics Solar and Stellar Astrophysics