Strain-induced large injection current in twisted bilayer graphene

15 Jul 2021  ·  Arpit Arora, Jian Feng Kong, Justin C. W. Song ·

The electronic wavefunctions in moir\'e materials are highly sensitive to the details of the local atomic configuration enabling Bloch band geometry and topology to be controlled by stacking and strain. Here we predict that large injection currents (under circular polarized irradiation) can develop in strained twisted bilayer graphene (TBG) heterostructures with broken sublattice symmetry; such bulk photovoltaic currents flow even in the absence of a p-n junction and can be controlled by the helicity of incident light... As we argue, large injection current rates proceed from strong and highly peaked interband Berry curvature dipole distributions (arising from the texturing of Bloch wavefunctions in strained TBG heterostructures). Strikingly, we find that TBG injection current displays pronounced responses in the THz regime and can be tuned by chemical potential. These render injection currents a useful photocurrent probe of symmetry breaking in TBG heterostructures and make TBG a promising material for THz technology. read more

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Mesoscale and Nanoscale Physics