Streaking strong-field double ionization

28 Jun 2019  ·  Kübel Matthias, Katsoulis Georgios P., Dube Zack, Naumov Andrei Yu, Villeneuve David M., Corkum Paul B., Staudte André, Emmanouilidou Agapi ·

Double ionization in intense laser fields can comprise electron correlations, which manifest in the non-independent emission of two electrons from an atom or molecule. However, experimental methods that directly access the electron emission times have been scarce... Here, we explore the application of an all-optical streaking technique to strong-field double ionization both theoretically and experimentally. We show that both sequential and non-sequential double ionization processes lead to streaking delays that are distinct from each other and single ionization. Moreover, coincidence detection of ions and electrons provides access to the emission time difference, which is encoded in the two-electron momentum distributions. The experimental data agree very well with simulations of sequential double ionization. We further test and discuss the application of this method to non-sequential double ionization, which is strongly affected by the presence of the streaking field. read more

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Atomic Physics