Structural Alternation Correlated to the Conductivity Enhancement of PEDOT:PSS Films by Secondary Doping

20 Sep 2019  ·  Itoh K., Kato Y., Honma Y., Masunaga H., Fujiwara A., Iguchi S., Sasaki T. ·

"Secondary doping" in poly(3,4-ethylenedioxy-thiophene):poly(styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) is quite effective and a frequently used method for the conductivity enhancement. This simple approach, the addition of co-solvents to the PEDOT:PSS solution before film fabrication, is an essential way to derive the high electrical performance of PEDOT:PSS, but the mechanism still remains unclear... In this study, nanoscale structural changes synchronized with the conductivity enhancement via secondary doping in PEDOT:PSS films were investigated. During secondary doping with ethylene glycol near the critical dopant concentration, non-crystalized PEDOT molecules uncoupled from PSS chains and then underwent nano-crystallization. These structural changes might be the key driving force for conductivity enhancement via secondary doping. read more

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Materials Science