The flavor-blind principle: A symmetrical approach to the Gatto-Sartori-Tonin relation

11 Apr 2016  ·  Saldaña-Salazar U. J. ·

We perform a systematic study of the generic Gatto-Sartori-Tonin relation, $\tan^2\theta_{ij}= m_i/m_j$. This study of fermion mixing phenomena leads us to the necessary conditions that are needed in order to obtain it without any approximation... We begin by considering two Dirac fermion families. By means of the hierarchy in the masses, it is found that a sufficient and necessary condition is to have a normal matrix with $m_{11}=0$. This matrix can be decomposed into two different linearly independent contributions. The origin for such two independent contributions can be naturally explained by what we shall call the flavor-blind principle. This principle states that Yukawa couplings shall be either flavor-blind or decomposed into several sets obeying distinct permutation symmetries. In general, it is shown that the symmetry properties of the introduced set of Yukawa matrices follow for $n$ fermion families the unique sequential breaking $S_{nL}\otimes S_{nR} \rightarrow S_{(n-1)L}\otimes S_{(n-1)R} \rightarrow \cdots \rightarrow S_{2L}\otimes S_{2R} \rightarrow S_{2A}$. The particular case of three fermion families explains why the four mass ratios parametrization that we recently proposed can be used even in the case of no hierarchical masses. read more

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High Energy Physics - Phenomenology