The $m=1$ instability \& gravitational wave signal in binary neutron star mergers

19 Aug 2016  ·  Lehner Luis, Liebling Steven L., Palenzuela Carlos, Motl Patrick ·

We examine the development and detectability of the $m=1$ instability in the remnant of binary neutron star mergers. The detection of the gravitational mode associated with the $m=1$ degree of freedom could potentially reveal details of the equation of state... We analyze the post-merger epoch of simulations of both equal and non-equal mass neutron star mergers using three realistic, microphysical equations of state and neutrino cooling. Our studies show such an instability develops generically and within a short dynamical time to strengths that are comparable or stronger than the $m=2$ mode which is the strongest during the early post-merger stage. We estimate the signal to noise ratio that might be obtained for the $m=1$ mode and discuss the prospects for observing this signal with available Earth-based detectors. Because the $m=1$ occurs at roughly half the frequency of the more powerful $m=2$ signal and because it can potentially be long-lived, targeted searches could be devised to observe it. We estimate that with constant amplitude direct detection of the mode could occur up to a distance of roughly $14\,\mathrm{Mpc}$ whereas a search triggered by the inspiral signal could extend this distance to roughly $100\,\mathrm{Mpc}$. read more

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General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena