The role of relativistic many-body theory in probing new physics beyond the standard model via the electric dipole moments of diamagnetic atoms

30 Oct 2017  ·  Sahoo B. K., Das B. P. ·

The observation of electric dipole moments (EDMs) in atomic systems due to parity and time-reversal violating (P,T-odd) interactions can probe new physics beyond the standard model and also provide insights into the matter-antimatter asymmetry in the Universe. The EDMs of open-shell atomic systems are sensitive to the electron EDM and the P,T-odd scalar-pseudoscalar (S-PS) semi-leptonic interaction, but the dominant contributions to the EDMs of diamagnetic atoms come from the hadronic and tensor-pseudotensor (T-PT) semi-leptonic interactions... Several diamagnetic atoms like $^{129}$Xe, $^{171}$Yb, $^{199}$Hg, $^{223}$Rn, and $^{225}$Ra are candidates for the experimental search for the possible existence of EDMs, and among these $^{199}$Hg has yielded the lowest limit till date. The T or CP violating coupling constants of the aforementioned interactions can be extracted from these measurements by combining with atomic and nuclear calculations. In this work, we report the calculations of the EDMs of the above atoms by including both the electromagnetic and P,T-odd violating interactions simultaneously. These calculations are performed by employing relativistic many-body methods based on the random phase approximation (RPA) and the singles and doubles coupled-cluster (CCSD) method starting with the Dirac-Hartree-Fock (DHF) wave function in both cases. The differences in the results from both the methods shed light on the importance of the non-core-polarization electron correlation effects that are accounted for by the CCSD method. We also determine electric dipole polarizabilities of these atoms, which have computational similarities with EDMs and compare them with the available experimental and other theoretical results to assess the accuracy of our calculations. read more

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Atomic Physics Chemical Physics Computational Physics