The tunneling splitting and the Kramers theory of activated processes

27 Oct 2021  ·  Pierpaolo Pravatto, Barbara Fresch, Giorgio J. Moro ·

The study of tunneling splitting is fundamental to get insight into the dynamics of a multitude of molecular systems. In this paper, a novel approach to the analysis of the ground-state tunneling splitting is presented and explicitly applied to one-dimensional systems... The isomorphism between the Fokker-Planck-Smoluchowski operator and the Born-Oppenheimer quantum Hamiltonian is the key element of this method. The localization function approach, used in the field of stochastic processes to study the Kramers problem, leads to a simple, yet asymptotically justified, integral approximation for the tunneling splitting. The comparison with exact values of the tunneling splittings shows a much better accuracy than WKB semiclassical estimates. read more

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Quantum Physics Statistical Mechanics Chemical Physics