Theoretical study of strain-dependent optical absorption in Stranski-Krastanov grown InAs/InGaAs/GaAs/AlGaAs quantum dots

26 Feb 2015  ·  Ameen Tarek, Ilatikhameneh Hesameddin, Hsueh Yuling, Charles James, Fonseca Jim, Povolotskyi Michael, Kim Jun Oh, Krishna Sanjay, Allen Monica S., Allen Jeffery W., Wenner Brett R., Rahman Rajib, Klimeck Gerhard ·

A detailed theoretical study of the optical absorption in self-assembled quantum dots is presented in this paper. A rigorous atomistic strain model as well as a sophisticated electronic band structure model are used to ensure accurate prediction of the optical transitions in these devices . The optimized models presented in this paper are able to reproduce the experimental results with an error less than 1$\%$. The effects of incident light polarization, alloy mole fraction, quantum dot dimensions, and doping have been investigated. The in-plane polarized light absorption is more significant than the perpendicularly polarized light absorption. Increasing the mole fraction of the strain controlling layer leads to a lower energy gap and larger absorption wavelength. Surprisingly, the absorption wavelength is highly sensitive to changes in the dot diameter, but almost insensitive to changes in the dot height. This unpredicted behavior is explained by sensitivity analysis of different factors which affect the optical transition energy.

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Mesoscale and Nanoscale Physics