Thermodynamics of adiabatic melting of solid $^4 \mathrm{He}$ in liquid $^3 \mathrm{He}$

17 Dec 2018 Riekki T. S. Sebedash A. P. Tuoriniemi J. T.

In the cooling concept by adiabatic melting, solid $^{4}$He is converted to liquid and mixed with $^{3}$He to produce cooling power directly in the liquid phase. This method overcomes the thermal boundary resistance that conventionally limits the lowest available temperatures in the helium fluids, and hence makes it possible to reach for the temperatures significantly below 100 $\mu$K... (read more)

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