Thermofield dynamics: Quantum Chaos versus Decoherence

14 Aug 2020  ·  Xu Zhenyu, Chenu Aurelia, Prosen Tomaž, del Campo Adolfo ·

Quantum chaos imposes universal spectral signatures that govern the thermofield dynamics of a many-body system in isolation. The fidelity between the initial and time-evolving thermofield double states exhibits as a function of time a decay, dip, ramp and plateau. Sources of decoherence give rise to a nonunitary evolution and result in information loss. Energy dephasing gradually suppresses quantum noise fluctuations and the dip associated with spectral correlations. Decoherence further delays the appearance of the dip and shortens the span of the linear ramp associated with chaotic behavior. The interplay between signatures of quantum chaos and information loss is determined by the competition among the decoherence, dip and plateau characteristic times, as demoonstrated in the stochastic Sachdev-Ye-Kitaev model.

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Quantum Physics Statistical Mechanics High Energy Physics - Theory