Topological Mott Insulator with Bosonic Edge Modes in 1D Fermionic Superlattices

11 Dec 2017  ·  Hu Haiping, Chen Shu, Zeng Tian-Sheng, Zhang Chuanwei ·

We investigate topological phase transitions driven by interaction and identify a novel topological Mott insulator state in one-dimensional fermionic optical superlattices through numerical density matrix renormalization group (DMRG) method. Remarkably, the low-energy edge excitations change from spin-1/2 fermionic single-particle modes to spin-1 bosonic collective modes across the phase transition... Due to spin-charge separation, the low-energy theory is governed by an effective spin superexchange model, whereas the charge degree of freedom is fully gapped out. Such topological Mott state can be characterized by a spin Chern number and gapless magnon modes protected by a finite spin gap. The proposed experimental setup is simple and may pave the way for the experimental observation of exotic topological Mott states. read more

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Quantum Gases Mesoscale and Nanoscale Physics Quantum Physics