Tuning electronic properties in graphene quantum dots by chemical functionalization: Density functional theory calculations

12 Dec 2017  ·  Abdelsalam Hazem, Elhaes Hanan, Ibrahim Medhat A. ·

The electronic energy gap and total dipole moment of chemically functionalized hexagonal and triangular graphene quantum dots are investigated by the density functional theory. It has been found that the energy gap can be efficiently tuned in the selected clusters by edge passivation with different elements or groups... Edge passivation with oxygen provides a considerable decrease of the large energy gap observed in hexagonal nanodots. The edge states and energy gap in triangular graphene quantum dots can also be manipulated by passivation with fluorine. The total dipole moment strongly depends on: (a) the shape and edge termination of the graphene quantum dot, (b) the attached group, and (c) the position to which the groups are attached. With respect to the shape, edge termination, and the attached group the chemically modified hexagonal-armchair quantum dot has the highest total dipole moment. Depending on the position of the attached groups, the total dipole can be increased, decreased, or eliminated. The significant features, the tunable energy gap and total dipole moment, of the functionalized graphene quantum dots are confirmed by the stability calculations. The obtained positive binding energy and positive frequencies in the infrared spectra imply that all the selected clusters are stable under edge functionalization and passivation with various groups and elements. read more

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Mesoscale and Nanoscale Physics