Ultra-high Q Acoustic Resonance in Superfluid 4He

26 Jul 2016  ·  DeLorenzo L. A., Schwab K. C. ·

We report the measurement of the acoustic quality factor of a gram-scale, kilo-hertz frequency superfluid resonator, detected through the parametric coupling to a superconducting niobium microwave cavity. For temperature between 400mK and 50mK, we observe a $T^{-4}$ temperature dependence of the quality factor, consistent with a 3-phonon dissipation mechanism... We observe Q factors up to $1.4\cdot10^8$, consistent with the dissipation due to dilute $^3$He impurities, and expect that significant further improvements are possible. These experiments are relevant to exploring quantum behavior and decoherence of massive macroscopic objects, the laboratory detection of continuous wave gravitational waves from pulsars, and the probing of possible limits to physical length scales. read more

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Quantum Physics Other Condensed Matter