A multiscale model for Rayleigh-Taylor and Richtmyer-Meshkov instabilities

10 Dec 2019  ·  Ramani Raag, Shkoller Steve ·

We develop a novel multiscale model of interface motion for the Rayleigh-Taylor instability (RTI) and Richtmyer-Meshkov instability (RMI) for two-dimensional, inviscid, compressible flows with vorticity, which yields a fast-running numerical algorithm that produces both qualitatively and quantitatively similar results to a resolved gas dynamics code, while running approximately two orders of magnitude (in time) faster. Our multiscale model is founded upon a new compressible-incompressible decomposition of the velocity field $u=v+w$... The incompressible component $w$ of the velocity is also irrotational and is solved using a new asymptotic model of the Birkhoff-Rott singular integral formulation of the incompressible Euler equations, which reduces the problem to one spatial dimension. This asymptotic model, called the higher-order $z$-model, is derived using small nonlocality as the asymptotic parameter, allows for interface turn-over and roll-up, and yields a significant simplification for the equation describing the evolution of the amplitude of vorticity. This incompressible component $w$ of the velocity controls the small scale structures of the interface and can be solved efficiently on fine grids. Meanwhile, the compressible component of the velocity $v$ remains continuous near contact discontinuities and can be computed on relatively coarse grids, while receiving subgrid scale information from $w$. We first validate the incompressible higher-order $z$-model by comparison with classical RTI experiments as well as full point vortex simulations. We then consider both the RTI and the RMI problems for our multiscale model of compressible flow with vorticity, and show excellent agreement with our high-resolution gas dynamics solutions. read more

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Computational Physics Fluid Dynamics