An Existence Criterion for Low-Dimensional Materials

21 Jul 2017  ·  Chen Jiapeng, Wang Biao, Hu Yangfan ·

The discovery of graphene and other two-dimensional (2-D) materials has stimulated a general interest in low-dimensional (low-D) materials. Whereas long time ago, Peierls and Landau's theoretical work demonstrated that any one- and two-dimensional materials could not exist in any finite temperature environment... Then, two basic issues became a central concern for many researchers: How can stable low-D materials exist? What kind of low-D materials are stable? Here, we establish an energy stability criterion for low-D materials, which seeks to provide a clear answer to these questions. For a certain kind of element, the stability of its specific low-D structure is determined by several derivatives of its interatomic potential. This atomistic-based approach is then applied to study any straight/planar, low-D, equal-bond-length elemental materials. We found that 1-D monatomic chains, 2-D honeycomb lattices, square lattices, and triangular lattices are the only four permissible structures, and the stability of these structures can only be understood by assuming multi-body interatomic potentials. Using this approach, the stable existence of graphene, silicene and germanene can be explained. read more

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Materials Science Mesoscale and Nanoscale Physics