BKT-paired phase in coupled XY models

14 Jul 2019  ·  Bighin Giacomo, Defenu Nicolò, Nándori István, Salasnich Luca, Trombettoni Andrea ·

We study the effect of a linear tunneling coupling between 2D systems, each separately exhibiting the topological Berezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless (BKT) transition. In the uncoupled limit, there are two phases: one where the 1-body correlation functions are algebraically decaying and the other with exponential decay... When the linear coupling is turned on, a third BKT-paired phase emerges, in which 1-body correlations are exponentially decaying, while 2-body correlation functions exhibit power-law decay. We perform numerical simulations in the paradigmatic case of two coupled XY models at finite temperature, finding that for any finite value of the interlayer coupling, the BKT-paired phase is present. We provide a picture of the phase diagram using a renormalization group approach. read more

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Statistical Mechanics Quantum Gases