Critical Velocity in the Presence of Surface Bound States in Superfluid $^3$He-B

12 Jan 2017  ·  Zheng P., Jiang W. G., Barquist C. S., Lee Y., Chan H. B. ·

A microelectromechanical oscillator with a gap of 1.25 $\mu$m was immersed in superfluid $^3$He-B and cooled below 250 $\mu$K at various pressures. Mechanical resonances of its shear motion were measured at various levels of driving force... The oscillator enters into a nonlinear regime above a certain threshold velocity. The damping increases rapidly in the nonlinear region and eventually prevents the velocity of the oscillator from increasing beyond the critical velocity which is much lower than the Landau critical velocity. We propose that this peculiar nonlinear behavior stems from the escape of quasiparticles from the surface bound states into the bulk fluid. read more

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