Dependence of the Inverse Spin Hall Effect in Sr(Nb$_x$Ti$_{1-x}$)O$_3$ on the Nb concentration

30 Jan 2020  ·  Zhang Wanli, Zhang Xiaoyu, Peng Bin, Zhang Wenxu ·

We measured the spin rectify effect and the inverse spin Hall effect in Nb-doped SrTiO$_3$ by injecting the spins from ferromagnetic thin films to SrTiO$_3$ using spin pumping. It was shown that the spin injection is increased when the doping level is increased... However, the spin Hall angle decreases when Nb occupies more than $\sim$2\% of the Ti sites, which is due to that beyond this concentration, the electron contributed the spin Hall effect is from the $d-$orbitals of Nb instead those from the Ti. Our work points to the importance of orbital occupations in the (inverse) spin Hall effect. We may explore controllable spin and charge interconversion in oxide spintronics. read more

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Mesoscale and Nanoscale Physics Materials Science