Effective Hamiltonian theory for nonreciprocal light propagation in magnetic Rashba conductor

22 Dec 2016  ·  Kawaguchi Hideo, Tatara Gen ·

Rashba spin-orbit interaction leads to a number of electromagnetic cross-correlation effects by inducing a mixing of electric and magnetic degrees of freedom. In this study, we investigate the optical properties of a magnetic Rashba conductor by deriving an effective Hamiltonian based on an imaginary-time path-integral formalism... We show that the effective Hamiltonian can be described in terms of toroidal and quadrupole moments, as has been argued in the case of insulator multiferroics. The toroidal moment turns out to coincide with the spin gauge field induced by the Rashba field. It causes Doppler shift by inducing intrinsic spin current, resulting in anisotropic light propagation (directional dichroism) irrespective of the polarization. The quadrupole moment on the other hand results in a magneto-optical phenomenon such as a Faraday effect for circularly-polarized waves. read more

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Mesoscale and Nanoscale Physics