Effects of chiral three-nucleon forces on $^{4}$He-nucleus scattering in a wide range of incident energies

26 Dec 2017  ·  Toyokawa Masakazu, Yahiro Masanobu, Matsumoto Takuma, Kohno Michio ·

It is a current important subject to clarify properties of chiral three-nucleon forces (3NFs) not only in nuclear matter but also in scattering between finite-size nuclei. Particularly for the elastic scattering, this study has just started and the properties are not understood in a wide range of incident energies ($E_{\rm in}$)... We investigate basic properties of chiral 3NFs in nuclear matter with positive energies by using the Brueckner-Hartree-Fock method with chiral two-nucleon forces of N$^{3}$LO and 3NFs of NNLO, and analyze effects of chiral 3NFs on $^{4}$He elastic scattering from targets $^{208}$Pb, $^{58}$Ni and $^{40}$Ca over a wide range of $30 \lesssim E_{\rm in}/A_{\rm P} \lesssim 200$ MeV by using the $g$-matrix folding model, where $A_{\rm P}$ is the mass number of projectile. In symmetric nuclear matter with positive energies, chiral 3NFs make the single-particle potential less attractive and more absorptive. The effects mainly come from the Fujita-Miyazawa 2$\pi$-exchange 3NF and slightly become larger as $E_{\rm in}$ increases. These effects persist in the optical potentials of $^{4}$He scattering. As for the differential cross sections of $^{4}$He scattering, chiral-3NF effects are large in $E_{\rm in}/A_{\rm P} \gtrsim 60$ MeV and improve the agreement of the theoretical results with the measured ones. Particularly in $E_{\rm in}/A_{\rm P} \gtrsim 100$ MeV, the folding model reproduces measured differential cross sections pretty well. Cutoff ($\Lambda$) dependence is investigated for both nuclear matter and $^{4}$He scattering by considering two cases of $\Lambda=450$ and $550$ MeV. The uncertainty coming from the dependence is smaller than chiral-3NF effects even at $E_{\rm in}/A_{\rm P}=175$ MeV. read more

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Nuclear Theory