Electrowetting-Controlled Dropwise Condensation with Patterned Electrodes: Physical Principles, Modeling, and Application Perspectives for Fog Harvesting and Enhanced Heat Transfer

27 Jul 2020  ·  Hoek Harmen, Dey Ranabir, Mugele Frieder ·

Patterning the wettability of solid surfaces is a successful strategy to control the dropwise condensation of vapor onto partially wetting solid surfaces. We followed the condensation of water vapor onto electrowetting-functionalized surfaces with structured co-planar electrodes... A detailed analysis of the experimental distribution of millions of drops reveals that despite the presence of contact angle hysteresis and the occurrence of random drop coalescence events, the preferential drop position closely follows the evolution of the local minima of the numerically calculated drop size-dependent electrostatic energy landscape in two dimensions. Even subtle transitions between competing preferred locations are properly reproduced by the model. Based on this quantitative understanding of the condensation patterns, we discuss a series of important follow-up steps that need to be taken to demonstrate a reliable performance gain in various applications focusing in particular on enhanced heat transfer. read more

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Fluid Dynamics Soft Condensed Matter