eLISA eccentricity measurements as tracers of binary black hole formation

19 Aug 2016  ·  Nishizawa Atsushi, Berti Emanuele, Klein Antoine, Sesana Alberto ·

Up to hundreds of black hole binaries individually resolvable by eLISA will coalesce in the Advanced LIGO/Virgo band within ten years, allowing for multi-band gravitational wave observations. Binaries formed via dynamical interactions in dense star clusters are expected to have eccentricities $e_0\sim 10^{-3}$-$10^{-1}$ at the frequencies $f_0=10^{-2}$ Hz where eLISA is most sensitive, while binaries formed in the field should have negligible eccentricity in both frequency bands... We estimate that eLISA should always be able to detect a nonzero $e_0$ whenever $e_0\gtrsim 10^{-2}$; if $e_0\sim 10^{-3}$, eLISA should detect nonzero eccentricity for a fraction $\sim 90\%$ ($\sim 25\%$) of binaries when the observation time is $T_{\rm obs}=5$ ($2$) years, respectively. Therefore eLISA observations of BH binaries have the potential to distinguish between field and cluster formation scenarios. read more

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General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena