Geometric Aspects of Painlev\'e Equations

22 Jan 2017  ·  Kajiwara Kenji, Noumi Masatoshi, Yamada Yasuhiko ·

In this paper a comprehensive review is given on the current status of achievements in the geometric aspects of the Painlev\'e equations, with a particular emphasis on the discrete Painlev\'e equations. The theory is controlled by the geometry of certain rational surfaces called the spaces of initial values, which are characterized by eight point configuration on $\mathbb{P}^1\times\mathbb{P}^1$ and classified according to the degeration of points... We give a systematic description of the equations and their various properties, such as affine Weyl group symmetries, hypergeomtric solutions and Lax pairs under this framework, by using the language of Picard lattice and root systems. We also provide with a collection of basic data; equations, point configurations/root data, Weyl group representations, Lax pairs, and hypergeometric solutions of all possible cases. read more

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Exactly Solvable and Integrable Systems Mathematical Physics Classical Analysis and ODEs Mathematical Physics