Graph Neural Networks for Particle Reconstruction in High Energy Physics detectors

25 Mar 2020  ·  Xiangyang Ju, Steven Farrell, Paolo Calafiura, Daniel Murnane, Prabhat, Lindsey Gray, Thomas Klijnsma, Kevin Pedro, Giuseppe Cerati, Jim Kowalkowski, Gabriel Perdue, Panagiotis Spentzouris, Nhan Tran, Jean-Roch Vlimant, Alexander Zlokapa, Joosep Pata, Maria Spiropulu, Sitong An, Adam Aurisano, Jeremy Hewes, Aristeidis Tsaris, Kazuhiro Terao, Tracy Usher ·

Pattern recognition problems in high energy physics are notably different from traditional machine learning applications in computer vision. Reconstruction algorithms identify and measure the kinematic properties of particles produced in high energy collisions and recorded with complex detector systems. Two critical applications are the reconstruction of charged particle trajectories in tracking detectors and the reconstruction of particle showers in calorimeters. These two problems have unique challenges and characteristics, but both have high dimensionality, high degree of sparsity, and complex geometric layouts. Graph Neural Networks (GNNs) are a relatively new class of deep learning architectures which can deal with such data effectively, allowing scientists to incorporate domain knowledge in a graph structure and learn powerful representations leveraging that structure to identify patterns of interest. In this work we demonstrate the applicability of GNNs to these two diverse particle reconstruction problems.

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Instrumentation and Detectors High Energy Physics - Experiment Computational Physics Data Analysis, Statistics and Probability