High-momentum tails as magnetic structure probes for strongly-correlated $SU(\kappa)$ fermionic mixtures in one-dimensional traps

23 Nov 2016  ·  Decamp Jean, Jünemann Johannes, Albert Mathias, Rizzi Matteo, Minguzzi Anna, Vignolo Patrizia ·

A universal $k^{-4}$ decay of the large-momentum tails of the momentum distribution, fixed by Tan's contact coefficients, constitutes a direct signature of strong correlations in a short-range interacting quantum gas. Here we consider a repulsive multicomponent Fermi gas under harmonic confinement, as in the experiment of Pagano et al. [Nat... Phys. {\bf 10}, 198 (2014)], realizing a gas with tunable $SU(\kappa)$ symmetry. We exploit an exact solution at infinite repulsion to show a direct correspondence between the value of the Tan's contact for each of the $\kappa$ components of the gas and the Young tableaux for the $S_N$ permutation symmetry group identifying the magnetic structure of the ground-state. This opens a route for the experimental determination of magnetic configurations in cold atomic gases, employing only standard (spin-resolved) time-of-flight techniques. Combining the exact result with matrix-product-states simulations, we obtain the Tan's contact at all values of repulsive interactions. We show that a local density approximation (LDA) on the Bethe-Ansatz equation of state for the homogeneous mixture is in excellent agreement with the results for the harmonically confined gas. At strong interactions, the LDA predicts a scaling behavior of the Tan's contact. This provides a useful analytical expression for the dependence on the number of fermions, number of components and on interaction strength. Moreover, using a virial approach in the limit of infinite interactions, we show that the contact increases with the temperature and the number of components. At zero temperature, we predict that the weight of the momentum distribution tails increases with interaction strength and the number of components if the population per component is kept constant. This latter property was experimentally observed in Ref.~[Nat. Phys. {\bf 10}, 198 (2014)]. read more

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Quantum Gases