Local inversion symmetry breaking and spin-phonon coupling in perovskite GdCrO3

17 Jun 2017  ·  Mahana Sudipta, Rakshit Bipul, Basu Raktima, Dhara Sandip, Joseph Boby, Manju U., Mahanti Subhendra D., Topwal D. ·

Our detailed temperature dependent synchrotron powder x-ray diffraction studies along with first-principles density functional perturbation theory calculations, enable us to shed light on the origin of ferroelectricity in GdCrO3. The actual lattice symmetry is found to be noncentrosymmetric orthorhombic Pna21 structure, sup- porting polar nature of the system... Polar distortion is driven by local symmetry breaking and by local distortions dominated by Gd off-centering. Our study reveals an intimate analogy between GdCrO3 and YCrO3. However, a distinctive difference exists that Gd is less displacive compared to Y, which results in an orthorhombic P na21 structure in GdCrO3 in contrast to monoclinic structure in YCrO3 and consequently, decreases its polar property. This is due to the subtle forces involving Gd-4f electrons either directly or indirectly. A strong magneto-electric coupling is revealed using Raman measurements based analysis in the system below Cr-ordering temperature, indicating their relevance to ferroelectric modulation. read more

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Strongly Correlated Electrons