Non-equilibrium Roughness Evolution of Small Molecule Mixed Films Reflecting Equilibrium Phase Behavior

8 Mar 2021  ·  Alexander Hinderhofer, Jan Hagenlocher, Alexander Gerlach, Joachim Krug, Martin Oettel, Frank Schreiber ·

Understanding non-equilibrium phenomena, such as growth, and connecting them to equilibrium phase behavior is a major challenge, in particular for complex multicomponent materials. We use X-ray reflectivity to determine the surface roughness of binary mixtures of several prototypical organic compounds... By analyzing the roughness as a function of composition, we find a systematic behavior depending on the bulk phase behavior in terms of intermixing, co-crystallization or phase separation. Supported by kinetic Monte Carlo simulations, we provide evidence that the growth behavior can be rationalized by a lowered step edge barrier in the mixed films which is induced by reduced in-plane crystallinity. read more

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Applied Physics Computational Physics