Observation of a topological 3D Dirac semimetal phase in high-mobility Cd3As2

29 Jan 2015  ·  Neupane Madhab, Xu SuYang, Sankar R., Alidoust N., Bian G., Liu Chang, Belopolski I., Chang T. -R., Jeng H. -T., Lin H., Bansil A., Chou Fangcheng, Hasan M. Zahid ·

Experimental identification of three-dimensional (3D) Dirac semimetals in solid state systems is critical for realizing exotic topological phenomena and quantum transport such as the Weyl phases, high temperature linear quantum magnetoresistance and topological magnetic phases. Using high resolution angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy, we performed systematic electronic structure studies on well-known compound Cd3As2... For the first time, we observe a highly linear bulk Dirac cone located at the Brillouin zone center projected onto the (001) surface which is consistent with a 3D Dirac semimetal phase in Cd3As2. Remarkably, an unusually high Dirac Fermion velocity up to 10.2 \textrm{\AA}{\cdot}$eV (1.5 \times 10^{6} ms^-1) is seen in samples where the mobility far exceeds 40,000 cm^2/V.s suggesting that Cd3As2 can be a promising candidate as a hypercone analog of graphene in many device-applications which can also incorporate topological quantum phenomena in a large gap setting. Our experimental identification of this novel topological 3D Dirac semimetal phase, distinct from a 3D topological insulator phase discovered previously, paves the way for exploring higher dimensional relativistic physics in bulk transport and for realizing novel Fermionic matter such as a Fermi arc nodal metal. read more

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Mesoscale and Nanoscale Physics Strongly Correlated Electrons