Probing Relativistic Axions from Transient Astrophysical Sources

28 Jun 2021  ·  Joshua Eby, Satoshi Shirai, Yevgeny V. Stadnik, Volodymyr Takhistov ·

Emission of relativistic axions from transient sources, such as axion star explosions, can lead to observable signatures. We show that axion bursts from collapsing axion stars can be detectable over the wide range of axion masses $10^{-15} \, \textrm{eV} \lesssim m \lesssim 10^{-7} \, \textrm{eV}$ in laboratory experiments, such as ABRACADABRA, DMRadio and SHAFT. The detection of axion bursts could provide new insights into the fundamental axion potential, which is challenging to probe otherwise. An ensemble of bursts in the distant past would give rise to a diffuse axion background distinct from the usual cold axion DM. Coincidence with other signatures would provide a new window into multi-messenger astronomy.

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High Energy Physics - Phenomenology Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena High Energy Physics - Experiment