Random Multi-Hopper Model. Super-Fast Random Walks on Graphs

24 Dec 2016  ·  Ernesto Estrada, Jean-Charles Delvenne, Naomichi Hatano, José L. Mateos, Ralf Metzler, Alejandro P. Riascos, Michael T. Schaub ·

We develop a model for a random walker with long-range hops on general graphs. This random multi-hopper jumps from a node to any other node in the graph with a probability that decays as a function of the shortest-path distance between the two nodes. We consider here two decaying functions in the form of the Laplace and Mellin transforms of the shortest-path distances. Remarkably, when the parameters of these transforms approach zero asymptotically, the multi-hopper's hitting times between any two nodes in the graph converge to their minimum possible value, given by the hitting times of a normal random walker on a complete graph. Stated differently, for small parameter values the multi-hopper explores a general graph as fast as possible when compared to a random walker on a full graph. Using computational experiments we show that compared to the normal random walker, the multi-hopper indeed explores graphs with clusters or skewed degree distributions more efficiently for a large parameter range. We provide further computational evidence of the speed-up attained by the random multi-hopper model with respect to the normal random walker by studying deterministic, random and real-world networks.

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Physics and Society Statistical Mechanics Social and Information Networks Mathematical Physics Mathematical Physics Probability