Response of a quantum disordered spin system to a local periodic drive

30 Jan 2020  ·  Özgüler A. Barış, Xu Canran, Vavilov Maxim G. ·

We consider a one-dimensional spin chain system with quenched disorder and in the presence of a local periodic drive. We study the time evolution of the system in the Floquet basis and evaluate the fidelity susceptibility, which is a measure of how a given state changes under a small perturbation, of states to a weak periodic drive... We demonstrate that the statistical properties of the fidelity susceptibility over different disorder realizations can be used to identify two phases of the system: (1) the many-body localized phase, in which the susceptibility exhibits long tails while its average value decreases rapidly as disorder increases; and (2) the ergodic phase, in which the susceptibility distribution is narrow and its average value weakly depends on disorder. This distinction in the average value of the susceptibility between the two phases develops readily for systems with ten or more spins. Therefore, recently built networks of qubits subject to a local drive can simulate dynamics of a system in the many-body localization regime. We also show that the spin accumulation speed is correlated with the fidelity susceptibility and can also be used to distinguish the two phases. read more

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Disordered Systems and Neural Networks