Skyrmion Mass from Spin-Phonon Interaction

25 May 2020  ·  Capic D., Chudnovsky E. M., Garanin D. A. ·

Inertial mass of a skyrmion arising from spin-phonon interaction is computed exactly within a toy model of the magnetoelastic coupling in a ferromagnetic film. The mass scales as the square of the strength of the magnetoelastic coupling, as the square of the film thickness, and as the first power of the lateral size of the skyrmion... For nanometer skyrmions it is in the ballpark of a few electron masses but may be significantly greater in materials with large magnetostriction. These findings are expected to stand for any complex structure of spin-phonon interaction in real materials. They must be taken into account when addressing the speed of information processing based upon skyrmions. read more

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Mesoscale and Nanoscale Physics