Spin Waves and Spatially Anisotropic Exchange Interactions in the $\mathrm{S=2}$ Stripe Antiferromagnet Rb$_{0.8}$Fe$_{1.5}$S$_2$

25 Feb 2015  ·  Wang Meng, Valdivia P., Yi Ming, Chen J. X., Zhang W. L., Ewings R. A., Perring T. G., Zhao Yang, Harriger L. W., Lynn J. W., Bourret-Courchesne E., Dai Pengcheng, Lee D. H., Yao D. X., Birgeneau R. J. ·

An inelastic neutron scattering study of the spin waves corresponding to the stripe antiferromagnetic order in insulating Rb$_{0.8}$Fe$_{1.5}$S$_2$ throughout the Brillouin zone is reported. The spin wave spectra are well described by a Heisenberg Hamiltonian with anisotropic in-plane exchange interactions... Integrating the ordered moment and the spin fluctuations results in a total moment squared of $27.6\pm4.2\mu_B^2$/Fe, consistent with $\mathrm{S \approx 2}$. Unlike $X$Fe$_2$As$_2$ ($X=$ Ca, Sr, and Ba), where the itinerant electrons have a significant contribution, our data suggest that this stripe antiferromagnetically ordered phase in Rb$_{0.8}$Fe$_{1.5}$S$_2$ is a Mott-like insulator with fully localized $3d$ electrons and a high-spin ground state configuration. Nevertheless, the anisotropic exchange couplings appear to be universal in the stripe phase of Fe pnictides and chalcogenides. read more

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Superconductivity Strongly Correlated Electrons