The Universality Class of Nano-Crystal Plasticity: Self-Organization and Localization in Discrete Dislocation Dynamics

29 Oct 2018  ·  Song Hengxu, Dimiduk Dennis, Papanikolaou Stefanos ·

The universality class of the avalanche behavior in plastically deforming crystalline and amorphous systems has been commonly discussed, despite the fact that the microscopic defect character in each of these systems is different. In contrast to amorphous systems, crystalline flow stress increases dramatically at high strains and/or loading rates... We perform simulations of a two-dimensional discrete dislocation dynamics model that minimally captures the phenomenology of nanocrystalline deformation. In the context of this model, we demonstrate that a classic rate-dependence of dislocation plasticity at large rates (> 1000/s), fundamentally controls the system's statistical character as it competes with dislocation nucleation: At large rates, the behavior is statistically dominated by long-range correlations of "dragged" mobile dislocations. At small rates, plasticity localization dominates in small volumes and a spatial integration of avalanche behaviors takes place. read more

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Materials Science Soft Condensed Matter Statistical Mechanics Adaptation and Self-Organizing Systems