Topological Hall Effect and Skyrmion-like Bubbles at a Charge-transfer Interface

3 Jun 2020  ·  Zhi Shiuh Lim, Changjian Li, Zhen Huang, Xiao Chi, Jun Zhou, Shengwei Zeng, Ganesh Ji Omar, Yuan Ping Feng, Andrivo Rusydi, Stephen John Pennycook, Thirumalai Venkatesan, Ariando Ariando ·

Exploring exotic interface magnetism due to charge transfer and strong spin-orbit coupling has profound application in future development of spintronic memory. Here, the emergence, tuning and interpretation of hump-shape Hall Effect from a CaMnO3/CaIrO3/CaMnO3 trilayer structure are studied in detail. The hump signal can be recognized as Topological Hall Effect suggesting the presence of Skyrmion-like magnetic bubbles; but the debated alternative interpretation where the signal being an artefact between two cancelling Anomalous Hall Effect loops is also discussed. Firstly, by tilting the magnetic field direction, the evolution of Hall signal suggests transformation of the bubbles topology into a more trivial kind. Secondly, by varying the thickness of CaMnO3, the optimal thicknesses for the hump signal emergence are found, suggesting a tuning of charge transfer fraction. Using high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, a stacking fault is also identified, which distinguishes the top and bottom CaMnO3/CaIrO3 interfaces in terms of charge transfer fraction and possible interfacial Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya Interaction. Finally, a spin-transfer torque experiment revealed a low threshold current density of ~10^9 A/m^2 for initiating the motion of bubbles. This discovery opens a possible route for integrating Skyrmions with antiferromagnetic spintronics.

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Mesoscale and Nanoscale Physics