Tuning topological surface magnetism by bulk alloying

29 Nov 2017  ·  Klier N., Sharma S., Pankratov O., Shallcross S. ·

Deploying an analytical atomistic model of the bulk band structure of the IV-VI semiconductors we connect the spin structure of the topological surface state to the crystal field and spin orbit coupling parameters of the bulk material. While the Dirac-Weyl (or equivalently, Rashba) type topological surface state is often assumed universal, we show that the physics of the surface state is strikingly non-universal... To see this explicitly we calculate the RKKY interaction, which may be viewed as a probe of this surface state spin structure, finding its \emph{qualitative form} depends on the values the bulk spin-orbit and crystal field parameters take. This opens the way to tune the spin interaction on the surface of a IV-VI topological insulator by, for instance varying the composition of the IV-VI ternary compounds, as well as highlighting the importance of the connection between bulk and surface physics in topological insulators. read more

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Mesoscale and Nanoscale Physics Materials Science