Wormhole solutions with a polynomial equation-of-state and minimal violation of the null energy condition

13 Mar 2020  ·  Parsaei Foad, Rastgoo Sara ·

This paper discusses wormholes supported by general equation-of-state , resulting in a significant combination of the linear equation-of-state and some other models. Wormhole with a quadratic equation-of-state is studied as a particular example... It is shown that the violation of null energy condition is restricted to some regions in the vicinity of the throat. The combination of barotropic and polytropic equation-of-state has been studied. We consider fluid near the wormhole throat in an exotic regime which at some $r=r_{1}$, the exotic regime is connected to a distribution of asymptotically dark energy regime with $-1<\omega<-1/3$. We have presented wormhole solutions with small amount of exotic matter. We have shown that using different forms of equation-of-state has a considerable effect on the minimizing violation of the null energy condition. The effect of many parameters such as redshift as detected by a distant observer and energy density at the throat on the $r_1$ is investigated. The solutions are asymptotically flat and compatible with presently available observational data at the large cosmic scale. read more

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General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology